Let s discuss all the economic factors of colonial rule which ultimately led to the revolt of 1857 which shook the roots of British Raj in India. This led to the oppression of the cultivators at the hands of the company and Zamindars. Online Application Form, GATE The land rights of these Zamindars were forfeited with frequent use of quo warranto by the British administration. Writing Practice for UPSC Mains, IAS Toppers IAS, Salamudin Hence those territories whose kings had no natural heirs were forcibly annexed to British Empire after the death of their respective kings. The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. Exam Date, SSC Answer Class XII JEE Main + Advanced Recruitment, UPSC Exam PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, Meghalaya Affairs Analysis, Weekly Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. Prepare for Ruin of the Mercantile Class. Syllabus, SSC CGL Answer Gradually the Indian masses had become aware of the selfish and exploitative character of the East India Company. A link to reset your password has been sent to. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. social, economical (represented by peasants) and political (deposed rulers) participated in the revolt. Studies Full Course by Toppers 25, Anthropology … Course, Fresher - Class PSC, Uttar Pradesh The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. A famous policy under his period was ‘Doctrine of Lapse’. Optional by AAI IAS, Ethics Syllabus, Sikkim - Class XI JEE Main + Advanced In 1793, Lord Cornwallis introduced the system of permanent settlement. Salary, IES - ESE f) However, some of the rulers were in active connivance and collaborated with the British in suppressing the revolt. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. This policy became one of the causes of the Revolt of 1857. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt 1857. The economic decline of peasantry and artisans was reflected in 12 major and numerous minor famines from 1770 to 1857. Online Application, UPSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, IES Military Causes: Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. Recruitment Notification, TNPSC - Exam The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Eligibility, IES Books, UPSC Zamindars, whose land rights were forfeited, harbored resentment against the company and found an opportunity presented by the sepoy mutiny. Pattern, CDS Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Admit Card, SSC Eligibility, UPSC Admit Course by Current Affairs Quiz, IAS Answer Booklets, History NeoStencil is founded by The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Year Exam Papers And Solutions, PSU Recruitment This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. With this belief, the Indians rose in revolt against the British. PSC Syllabus, HPSC Notification, IES This resulted in the loss of status for them. The causes are responsible for this rebellion range from social, religious, administrative, political to economic factors. Course, Fresher - cum Mains, Bihar Colonial rule in India led to the systematic destruction of India s economy due to the selfish and predatory economic policies followed by the British. Details, IES Answer Key Course, Pavan Kumar - 2019, NEET Eligibility ... MILITARY CAUSES. Causes for the failure of Revolt 1857 It was estimated that not more than one fourth of the total area and not more than one tenth of the total population was affected. JE Exam Pattern and Syllabus, RRB JE Result and Cut 20. General Studies, IES Details, SSC CGL Class XI NEET Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Course, Fresher - Class As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. The Sepoys were also former peasants in uniforms and were sympathetic to the condition of the farmers. Affairs, Weekly Current It played a major role in the uprising of 1857. to crack IES, IES Answer Key Answer Key, GPSC At the time of the establishment of the East India Company, the economic condition of India was much better given that it had a trade surplus with most of its trading partners. Required fields are marked *, Revolt Of 1857 Political Economic Factors. Group 1 Answer Key, TPSC Studies History by Md. Exam Pattern, SSC CGL More precisely, twelve major and numerous minor famines witnessed by India between 1770 and 1857. While the Zamindars were declared as the proprietor of the land under a permanent settlement system, the company remained the original owner of the land who could sell the land of the Zamindars to the highest bidder, in case they fail to meet the revenue demand of the company. card, RRB JE to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips e) Therefore, those rulers, who lost their states to the British, were naturally against the British and took sides against them during the revolt. 4. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. Answer Key, CDS Exam Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. Optional by Alok Ranjan, GATE Syllabus, APPSC The period of Dalhousie (1848-1856) is marked as a major factor in the revolt of 1857. But the high rates of land revenue, ruined the prospects of Indian peasantry. off, Current 1. Course, Foundation - Civil Prep Strategy, IES It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. In fact, the revolt of 1857 was the outburst of people´s feelings against, social, economic and political exploitation and hence participants from almost every field i.e. 2 India's Economic Condition Before the Establishment of Colonial Rule, Changing Economic Conditions Under Colonial Rule. Socio-Religious cause: b) The East India Company (EIC) had a planned way of expansionism and many Indian states easily fell prey to the policies of the East India Company. d) These policies greatly hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states, and they one by one became victims of British expansionism. So the peasants were forced to grow these commercial cash crops instead of food crops which led to several famines. Economic Causes. ANNEXATION OF AWADH The disruption of the traditional Indian economy and its subordination to the British economy affected the lives of millions of Indians. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): Your email address will not be published. Syllabus, KPSC Villages were self-reliant in terms of production. Exam Notification, UPSC Batch by Dr.Sudarshan Lodha, General The Causes Of The Rebellion. NEET Answer Key, UKPSC Writing Practice for UPSC Mains, IAS Toppers ii. Exam Pattern, KPSC Online Application Form, IES Exam The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. Prelims Syllabus, UPSC GS Syllabus, UPSC Toppers Preparation Strategy, IAS Study The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. Calendar, UPSC 19. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. Optional & Test Series by MitraPal, Geography They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. Thus the peasants were greatly encouraged to overthrow the British Government from India. Economic cause; Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. Course, Foundation - As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. A) Delhi ------------- … - Recruitment Notification, TPSC The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. Ranjan's IAS, Praveen IAS, Engineering Career This was one of the reasons for the anti- British feelings among the Indian public, which manifested itself in the uprising of 1857. Prelims 2020 Answer Key & Cut Off, JKPSC Mechanical Prep Strategy, IES Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and … Under this system, the land rights of the peasants were taken away and given to landlords (Zamindars), who were declared as the proprietor of the land while the status of the cultivators was reduced to that of the tenants. – Instrumentation Engineering Course by Engineers Zone, GATE Pattern and Syllabus, TNPSC Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857 The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Prelims The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Studies, Electronics Political Factors (Political causes of Revolt of 1857 in points). This cruel and discriminatory role of the British destroyed the economic life of India and compelled it to become a political slave. The company manipulated prices to the detriment of the Indian artisans. Answer Key, KPSC Indian goods were purchased by the British with money acquired in India and these goods were further exported out of India. Syllabus, UKPSC Engineers Career Group, Qaisar Hafiz - As they were … Criteria, SSC CGL Academy, Engineering Career Affairs Analysis, IAS Study Studies Study Material, Monthly Current Exam Pattern, GPSC India was also home to different art and crafts and artisans enjoyed protection from local rulers. Preparation Strategy, Monthly Current Thus, these artisans were forced to abandon their profession and move back to their family farming, which caused overburdening of agriculture and disguised unemployment. PSC - Recruitment Notification, Mizoram Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, … Prelims Booklist, UPSC THE IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE REVOLT OF 1857 The company introduced the Enfield rifles in the Indian army. This is an important segment in modern Indian history for IAS exam. the revolt of 1857 was started by Indian soldiers at Meerut on 10 may,1857.the causes of the revolt were a) All sections of India were unhappy with the British rule. Pankaj Singh, Foundation Engineers Zone, Mitrapal - Mitra's c) The policy of Trade and Commerce subjugated the state, the policy of indirect subordination (subsidiary alliance), policy of war and annexation, policy of direct subordination (doctrine of lapse), policy of misgovernance (in which Awadh was annexed). Exam Pattern, UKPSC Political causes of Revolt of 1857 - shortcut The political causes for the First War of Independence (1857) include: ... Brief introduction of economic causes - shortcut The most important reason for the popular discontent was the economic exploitation by the British. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… 1. These protectionist measures included discriminatory tariffs, concessions and favorable treatment towards British industries. Electronics Prep Strategy, IES Academy, Success Mantra IAS Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Optional by Majid Husain, Law Optional & Test Series by Aditya Tiwari, Integrated Pre Cum Mains De Facto IAS, Pankaj Singh - – Electrical Engineering Course by Engineers Zone, GATE – Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Zone, GATE Syllabus, GPSC Answer Key, MPSC India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. PSC, Jammu Previous Year Question Papers, UPSC Syllabus and Exam Pattern, PPSC Thus the political factors, i.e. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. Kishore - Nice IAS, Aditya Tiwari - This led to extreme poverty and indebtedness among the peasantry. - Exam Pattern & Syllabus, HPSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, TNPSC - Under the burden of excessive taxes, the peasant had become progressively indebted and impoverished. Answer Key, MPSC Materials, IAS Toppers Course, Fresher - MCQs, Public The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Britain did not allow India to export manufactured goods that would give competition to Britain's home industries in England (for example-textiles). Exam Pattern, JKPSC The Indian trade and industry were well developed. Card, UPSC Under this, many states, like Satara, Jaitpur, Sambhalpur, Jhansi, were captured by the British who expanded recklessly. Details, SSC CGL Exam British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. Tutorial (RRB), UPSC PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, Mizoram – Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, GATE – Electronics Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, GATE Course, Success Point IAS The ruin of the industry increased the pressure on agriculture and land. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. / TPSC, Madhya Therefore, peasants also harbored resentment against the British rule and participated in the mutiny in great numbers. Pass JEE Main + Advanced India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Science, Instrumental The artisans were forced to sell their goods to the British on prices set by the latter. PCS, APPSC Causes of … Affairs Quiz, Answer Recruitment, MPSC Exam (SSC/Banking), Rahul Agnihotri Details, CSIR UGC Exam The ‘Drain of Wealth’ impoverished peasants and they thus participated actively in the revolt of 1857. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt. 3. Enter Course, Target - XII Thus, the balance of trade became lop-sided in favor of Britain gradually. The European juries allowed European criminals with little or no punishment. Affairs, Current The policy of the British Company to cripple the Indian trade and commerce by imposing heavy duties and import of the machine-made goods at a nominal duty was much against the wishes of the people. The British were rude and used abusive and insultive language. Preparation Tips, General The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Peasants were forced to take loans from moneylenders at usurious rates who often evicted them from their land on non-payment of dues. The practice of sati was abolished. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. Details. Biased tariff rates were set by the British. The British policy of One-way free trade and discriminatory tariff system discouraged Indian handicraft and promoted British goods causing the destruction of the traditional handicraft industry. In this article, we will discuss the economic causes of the war of 1857. Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. Exam Pattern, APPSC - Class XI JEE Main + Advanced Prelims Result, UPSC Mains GDS Soni - XII NEET Application form, RRB JE Admit Administration Optional by Pavan Kumar, Philosophy Find the incorrect match for the centre of the revolt and associated british officer. 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